tv BBC World News America PBS September 1, 2011 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT
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>> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." >> the libyan people cannot surrender. we cannot give in. >> defiant to the last, colonel gaddafi takes to the airwaves. the international community gathers to chart with the apostle future without gaddafi at the helm. 9/11's continuing fallout. the health of some new yorkers is still in jeopardy. >> the american government believes that there are chronic illnesses in thousands of people.
>> solving a mystery 100 years later. thanks to some high-tech help, we now know what happened to ned kelly, australia's most infamous of folk hero -- killer. >> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. anya's new leaders were at international conference in paris. there was a stark reminder of the cost. colonel gaddafi issued a statement saying, let's libya be engulfed in flames. he vowed that the battle is not over. tonight, we have complete coverage. we start with our diplomatic correspondent. >> president sarkozy and david are proud of the risks they took. -- cameron are proud of the
risks they took. this was the arrival of the elite that recounted today. the rebel leader, now on the verge of government. he was gaddafi's justice minister until february. he previously defied the dictator and defected to have the uprising. around the conference table, he was being tested. the's people achieve unity and reconciliation? the key players made clear they believe any libya can succeed. >> enormous difficulties lie at had. libyans are showing the world that courage, and resilience. they're coming together to tackle shortages of water and potter, hospitals are reopening. the leaders have been clear and consistent and cautioning against disorder and against reprisals. >> as if to emphasize that, he said he was speaking in a
dilemma -- directly to libya's people. >> now we also have to make sure that people are part of the deal. we need to make sure that we have stability and security in libya. tolerance, of forgiveness must be implemented. state of law must be respected. >> paris heard exactly the words it wanted to hear. this has been a day of enormous political symbolism pointing the way to the future. to insure a lydia's's future, the conference accepted that nato -- libya's future, the company accepted that nato air strikes will continue. the leaders will request that all libyan assets be unfrozen. libya need a pushcart. the delivery by the royal air force overnight of millions of bank notes, which had been frozen in britain under u.n. sanctions, that was a dramatic
breakthrough. it should mean that liddy and besieging the banks will soon have money in their hands again. today, in paris, there are political losers. angela merkel refused to back a bit rebels' early on. it was not present sarkozy is that agreed to her. the big loser is colonel gaddafi himself. today marks of 42 years today since he seized power in a coup. he is a fugitive. tonight, in paris, there is a feeling that the war against gaddafi is all but one. -- won. >> while those negotiations were under way in paris, back in tripoli, new allegations were coming to light of prison
torture under the gaddafi regime. our middle east editor has more on that part of the story. >> this jail, the name itself so frightening, that libyans were afraid to say it. torture was routine. sometimes, prisoners disappeared. now you can just walk again. -- walked in. after the guards disappeared, libyans broke open the cells to let the prisoners out. even here, one inmate did not hide his defiant and signed his name above this dreams of freedom. this ex-prisoner was still scared. he is from a place controlled by
the colonel's men. >> of the guards told us that our existence meant nothing. i thought i could be killed at any time. >> someone has been trying to destroy the evidence of what happened here. the ashes in this room full brunt files are still hot. these libyan lawyers are removing the rest of the archives while they still can. they might be produced in court if colonel gaddafi and his associates ever face trial. >> they have lost loved ones. in this state, and in many other places. it is important to know all about all the facts. >> 42 years of frightened faces. pictures of some prisoners
children, too, taken from letters sent by their families. the lawyers think they found information about the 1200 prisoners who were killed here in a massacre in 1996. >> he died in 1996. >> you probably knew him? >> yes. >> of the fear of being sent here was used by the libyan regime to control people, to deter them from making trouble. what happened here at the heart of colonel gaddafi's security's state might turn out to be highly embarrassing for western government because as part of the extensive security cooperation in recent years, they sent suspected the hottest -- jihadists to this prison. they had no scruples about getting information.
>> there were two driving concerns about the west and libya over the past five years. one was cooperation in the war on terror. and the other was the oil business. those two issues over wrote the human rights concerns. >> some of the secrets have been extracted from this pain ridden place. and nearly double not be possible until they're all uncovered. -- a new libya will not be possible until they are all on cover. >> colonel gaddafi shows no sign of backing down in his latest message. >> he warns of the tribes loyal to him are well armed and preparing for battle. he insisted that we will not surrender. how were eating it is -- is it
for the national transitional council that gaddafi is still broadcasting these messages? >> i think many will not be surprised that we have heard more defiant rhetoric from colonel gaddafi. we have heard so much of it in the last few months. a rebel commanders think they know where he is. they think he is in a town south of tripoli, southeast of tripoli. that is their suspicion. clearly, he is trying to raise morale amongst his loyalists, get them to keep on fighting in places like sirte. that has not yet fallen to the rebels. there was an ultimatum by the rebels of four people there to surrender by saturday. they have extended that deadline, giving them more time. giving them until september 10. the rebels are feeling that there is no rationale.
they have most of the country. they do not want to see it further bloodshed. >> for more on the situation, go to our website. you can see some of the iconic image is in this conflict. it is all there at bbc.com/news. a u.n. review of the israeli raids has concluded that israel's blockade of the gaza strip is legal. the long-awaited report said israeli commandos used unreasonable force to stop the ship. nine turks were killed in the raid of may last year, which ruptured relations between turkey and israel. the report is due to be released officially on friday. two former kenyan ministers appeared before the international criminal court.
in all six defendants due to appear. the red cross in nigeria says more than 100 people have died in floods in the southwest of the country. some makeshifts were entirely swept away. next week, the world will pause to remember the day america was attacked. the 10th anniversary of 9/11 will star different memories in different countries. for some new yorkers, it is not just history. it is still a threat today. they released a cocktail of carcinogens. officials say that as a direct result, thousands of people are now seriously dealt. many could die from their conditions. >> an image of teradata is
horribly familiar. the attack on the twin towers that killed nearly 3000 people. less well-known is the impact of all the dust, much of it highly toxic. he suffers from coughing fits. he was a police officer who worked at ground zero. like many, he is suffering from serious respiratory problems. >> of the attacks of 9/11 have not stopped. they left, as a weapon, this dust, the contaminant, all the injuries that go on and on and on. >> the whole tower. >> a police helicopter filmed at the moment. it took a while for the scale of the atrocity to sing again. only later did the dust emerge
as a threat. the police pilots flying at. that date witnessed the collapse of the twin towers and a great cloud of dust rising into the air to about this height or even slightly higher. much of the dust blew away. a lot of it descended over lower manhattan. the american government now believes that it triggered what it called chronic illnesses in thousands of people. if toxic legacy from a nightmare day. according to the latest official figures, just over 60,000 people are registered act -- as at risk from the desperate 18,000 received medical treatment and the last 12 months. >> early on, i wasn't convinced that we would have chronic disease that of this. in a very short. of time, weeks under 9/11 --
>> most of those now suffering worked in the rubble. the big question is whether the dust could prove fatal. when a detective died five years ago of a lung disease, the pathologist blamed the dust. now the u.s. government is warning that others may die a similar -- for similar reasons. >> it is a snowball effect. eventually, you could succumb to that condition. yes, people could die from many of these conditions that we have seen associated with the exposure. >> of the city is back on its feet. new buildings are rising. among those who worked at the scene 10 years ago, the fear is that the effects of the attack still isn't over. >> for a while after 9/11, americans pulled together. what a distant memory that all
seems. the bickering is in overdrive today. the white house and congress could not even agree on a date for president obama to give an address on jobs. the white house had already announced the speech would be next wednesday. john boehner said actually, no, it is one to be on thursday. a brief time ago, i discussed all of this with our next guest. >> it sounds a childish and patty. is it serious? >> it is very serious because there is a consequence. the consequences are that you have a 9% unemployment rate. the folks in the united states are looking at the television and saying, these are our leaders. they cannot figure out on a date. this is ridiculous. the question is, when you ask the american people to play by the rolls, how come the elected leadership cannot do the same?
>> what does this say about congress and the white house's ability to address the hard stuff? there are tough decisions to be made by the leadership. kennedy would? >> yes, because we have done before. the way our country has all right -- has always been founded, the tension has always been the center. however, the difference is, and i have been in washington since 1992, it is personalize. it is a personal vendetta between republicans and democrats. that is where it becomes toxic and poisonous. that is going to -- that is when anarchy and gridlock happens. >> how can you account for that? there is a tendency to look back at the era of ronald reagan. you are suggesting that there is a difference now. >> let me give you a prime
example. ronald reagan and the speaker of the house, they were arch enemies. however, once a week, they would have drinks. from 9:00 to 5:00, and they would battle it out. from 5:00 to 7:00, they are able to hash out their political differences. and therefore, they were able to get something done. i think the pivotal moment happened on the night of the monica lewinsky trial. that is when personalization became paramount in politics. that is when the relationship started to go south. >> does it make it harder? >> absolutely. you and i can disagree from a policy standpoint. when i dislike you, when i hate you, when i eat everything you stand for, and it does called my judgment to be able to take you
seriously. that is the difference between the white house and the house. there is a lack of mutual respect. >> they are watching this around the world. thank you for coming in. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, when money and got collide. in brazil, the newest house of worship comes with quite a price cap. -- price tag. tokyo has undertaken one of the biggest earthquake drills ever seen. today's drill had an extra sense of urgency. >> six months ago, japan's prime minister was responding to a disaster for real. today, he was setting the scenario for a drill. >> today, at 8:00, there was a very strong earthquake.
>> japan's cabinet sat down to plot their response to the fictitious calamity. the volunteers were evacuated from the tokyo station. protecting themselves from imaginary [unintelligible] japan and rehearses like this every september. -- japan rehearses like this every september. this year, the police were called blocking traffic at 100 points in the capital, deliberately causing gridlock. the real earthquake and tsunami back in march caused widespread destruction. across the country, hundreds of thousands of people took part. the police got a chance to practice their rescue techniques. when the big one hits tokyo, they will be called on to save people trapped in collapsed home. helicopters were deployed over
tokyo bay. the rehearsal may seem excessive, but sitting on a multiple fault lines, japan is vulnerable like no other nation. back in march, many people manage to save themselves. they knew what to do. it proved the value of being prepared. >> it is nothing sacred? big business has permitted almost every aspect of society, that includes religion. across latin america, a new brand of evangelical churches and groups are opening large centers, television channels, and challenging tradition. this religion it now stresses merchandise as well as miracles.
he had a 1980's, television show for kids. she even made it to the cover of "playboy" magazine. 15 years ago, she became an evangelical christian. now she sings gospel music. ♪ she runs a shop selling religious products and is a proud member of the controversial universal church of the kingdom of god. the church claims a membership of up to 15 million around the world. estimates put it around 3 million. she is expected and strongly encouraged to give at least 10% of her earnings to the church. >> when somebody -- why go to
the church -- i go to the church and i give 10% of my money. >> the universal church of the kingdom of god, with its trademark enormous temples, is considered a religion with a business-like orientation. they are using -- around the corner, they are building their biggest temple ever. it is a grandiose project. the building is modeled after the biblical temple of solomon. it will cover an area the size of 16 football fields. seat 13,000 worshipers and cost more than $120 million. it will be v -- it will be the
headquarters of the organization. the churches revenue remains a mystery, as it is exempt from paying taxes, and does not have to disclose any numbers. the business model used by the universal church of the kingdom of god and other religious groups has allowed for their massive expansion. there is also discomfort among some brazilians that consumer culture has overtaken simple >> the business of religion and brazil. to a mystery that surrounded one of australia's most iconic outcast. ned kelly was kong for murder 131 years ago. it took modern-day technology to identify his remains.
>> giving up their secrets, the bones of that khalid. these crumbling fragments are confirmed as the remains of australia's most infamous of folk hero. ned kelly was an outlaw hand in 1884 killing three police officers. his violence directed against the british made him a criminal to some and a legend to others. for more than 100 years, no one knew where his remains were. a group of scientist under a mass grave in mel bourne, tested dna against one of his descendants, and incredibly found the match. >> he was a romantic figure that defined unjust authority. >> in a two-year investigation, the bonds yielded fascinating signs of his violent life
confronting the british. >> inside the tibia were removed to a small pellets. >> to his family, he is more rogue the revolutionary. >> how can i not say that he was a hero? he was not a hero. in our family, of course, he was a hero. >> played in the movies, at ned kelly has in trade storytellers for more than a century. this icon of australian wife now finally revealed and still revered. >> that brings us to the end of today's broadcast. you can get constant updates on our website. thank you so much for watching. we will see tomorrow.